Software, what actually they are? What comes in your mind, when people say I have this software, I have that software and blah, blah about software and applications?
I think, almost 80% will think, Wow it must be some great thing made by an engineer, which eases some kind of operations. So, as we all know it eases the operation, will be talking about this more and also much detail on how softwares are developed, made to use and deployed commercially.
A Software in simple terms, is a collection or a set of programs running in parallel, in order to perform some task, which takes less time, gives better output and is more reliable. The primitive way of performing tasks, may include, manually entering data, handling files, maintaining records and many more tasks, which are performed manually. Now, when we talk about performing tasks and operations manually, it may lead to various errors which may be due to, human, misplaced records, irrelevant and inaccurate data and many more.
To overcome such issues, softwares were born. Softwares were made, depending upon the requirement of the organization, or the individual. So softwares are set of customized programs, which help in easing the operations of an organization.
The question arises, how softwares are developed?
The basic stages for a software development are as follows:
- Requirement Gathering and Analysis.
- Design and Planning.
- Implementation and Running the code.
- Testing for bugs and error and fixing them.
- Deployment and Evolution.
All stages have their own importance and the development phase must follow these stages, in order to develop an efficient and good software.
The initial stage gathers the requirements of the software, meaning what the problem is and how it can be solved.
The next stage defines the model for the software, the flow of the application and how efficient it can be.
The third step is one of the major step, as it is the implementation phase. The software is implemented in this phase using various programming languages such as: C, C++, Java, Python and many more. These languages depending upon the requirement of the software, are chosen.
The fourth step is software testing, which will test the initial implementation of the code (software) for any bugs, errors and then in this phase, the errors will be resolved and bugs will be fixed.
The fifth stage is the deployment stage. In this stage, the software, after going through a set of testing methods will be deployed commercially over a server, or over a system depending upon the type of software it is.
And the last stage is the maintenance stage. Every software, with time requires some kind of updates and system improvements in order to work according to market standards and requirements. New software releases, versions are launched and softwares are maintained accordingly.
All the stages can depicted diagrammatically as:
These softwares has following advantages when deployed over a system for an organization, some of them can be listed as:
- Made on the updated technology and market requirement.
- Customizable, depending upon the requirements and needs of the company.
- Minimal cost is required, to build a software
- Increased flexibility is available.
- Easy to maintain the software, and as it is easy to maintain, it is also easy to release new updated software launches.
- The value of the organization increases, as it is updated with technology in the market.
Thus, we can end over by saying that, software applications and programs will help in simplifying the business needs in a much efficient and a simplified manner.
-Article written and submitted by: Akshay Rakesh Toshniwal